Free Online training
Covid-19 Prevention and Safety in the Workplace
This training will equip you with information on how to protect yourself, your colleagues or your employees from contacting or spreading the Covid-19 infection at your workplace.
This training comes with a certificate of completion
INTRODUCTION TO THE CORONA VIRUS
How it started
The coronavirus disease also known as COVID-19 is caused by a new strain of coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2) that has not been previously identified in humans. It was found to be the cause of an outbreak of respiratory illness that started in Wuhan, Hubei Province, China beginning in December 2019.
As of September 15, 2020, there has been over 29 million cases of coronavirus (COVID-19) worldwide. In Nigeria, the number of confirmed, discharged and deaths was 56,604, 47,872 and 1,091 respectively as at September 2020.
The World Health Organization has declared the disease a Public Health Emergency of International Concern.
The Virus affects many parts of the body and weakens the immune system. It targets the respiratory system, digestive system and the kidneys.
Experts have also documented cases of lost sense of taste or smell, or both in some Covid-19 patients.
Some patients with severe infections experienced difficulty with respiration in a condition referred to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS)
There has also been symptoms involving the gut resulting in diarrhea, nausea, and abdominal pain in about one-third of Covid-19 patients;
- Signs and Symptoms
The most common symptoms exhibited are
- Dry cough
- Difficulty in breathing
While the less common symptoms include;
- Aches and pains
- Sore throat
- Loss of taste or smell
A rash on skin, or discoloration of fingers or toes
TRANSMISSION (How it Spreads)
Intro: The corona virus spreads from one place to another when infected people move from one place to another, touching surfaces or letting out droplets. The various ways in which this virus spread are;
- Via Droplets or aerosols. When an infected person coughs, sneezes, or talks, droplets or tiny particles called aerosols carry the virus into the air from their nose or mouth. Anyone who is within 6 feet of that person can breathe it into their lungs.
- Surface transmission. Another way to catch the coronavirus is when you touch surfaces that someone who has the virus has coughed or sneezed on. You may touch a stair’s rail or a doorknob that is contaminated and then touch your nose, mouth or eyes. The virus can live on surfaces like plastic and stainless steel for 2 to 3 days.
- Fecal-oral. Studies also suggest that virus particles can be found in infected people’s poop. But experts are not sure whether the infection can spread through contact with an infected person’s stool. If that person uses the bathroom and do not wash their hands, they could infect things and people that they touch.
Many people spend a good chunk of time at work, but not withstanding, it is necessary to take care of yourself while working to ensure a healthy life in order to avoid contracting the virus. Measures should be put in place to protect the workers and ensure a safe work environment.
These measures should be practiced as often as possible in order to minimize the spread of the virus.
- Clean your hands often. Use soap and water, or an alcohol-based hand Sanitizer.
- Maintain a safe distance from anyone who is coughing or sneezing.
- Wear a mask when physical distancing is not possible.
- Do not touch your eyes, nose or mouth.
- Cover your nose and mouth with your bent elbow when you cough or sneeze to avoid contact with your hands.
- Stay home if you feel unwell.
If an employee becomes sick with respiratory symptoms, such employee should be isolated and sent home. The employee should be advised to get tested for COVID-19 and not return to work until they have a negative result. Local authorities should be informed depending on protocols in place.
In as much as this virus has no cure yet, we cannot underrate its ability to spread from one person/place to another. Hence, the best protection against the virus is personal hygiene. Washing your hands with soap and water offers excellent protection against Corona Virus. When you cannot wash your hands, use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer instead. You should wash or sanitize your hands regularly throughout the day, especially any time you touch anything you suspect someone else has recently been in contact with. Also, do not go out without wearing your mask.
Most patients with confirmed COVID-19 have developed a fever and/or symptoms of acute respiratory illness, which may include cough and difficulty breathing. Epidemiologic factors that may help guide decisions on whether to test include:
- any persons, including healthcare workers, who have had close contact with a laboratory-confirmed COVID-19 patient within 14 days of symptom onset.
- or a travel history from affected geographic areas within 14 days of symptom onset.